Patterned Brick Houses in New Jersey

The patterned brick house is a regional architectural specialty of the mid-Atlantic region that dates back to the colonial period. An article from the National Park Service here gives a good overview of the style. These houses were sturdy, as befitted the homes of settlers in a “new” and remote place. The intricate brickwork and details, however, show that these structures were not purely utilitarian, but were also intended to show off the affluence of their owners (and probably the craft of their builders).

This page aims to list the known patterned brick houses of New Jersey. I don’t claim to be an expert on them, but I am a fan. The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) documented many of these houses, some of which have been demolished or fallen apart entirely since the time they were documented. There are others that were not documented by HABS. The ones that have survived sometimes have later additions that may or may not be in the style of the original building; by the same token, sometimes the patterned brick part of the house is a later addition to an earlier structure.

Files from HABS are held by the Library of Congress and can be accessed here. There is also a book published by the New Jersey Historical Society in 1977 called Historic American Buildings Survey of New Jersey: Catalog of the Measured Drawings, Photographs and Written Documents in the Survey. For the purposes of this page, I am starting with the HABS book and then adding additional links as I find them. House names are drawn from the HABS book for properties that are included. Both names and locations are sometimes listed differently in the online files from the Library of Congress than they are in the HABS book. Although the classic patterned brick house has a great deal of ornamentation (including geometric patterns, owners’ initials, and dates), this list also includes pre-1800 buildings that have glazed headers on one or more walls but no other patterning

Obligatory disclaimers: this page is oriented towards information that is accessible on the internet. There is sure to be more information related to these houses that is not available online. Also, many of the remaining patterned brick houses in New Jersey are private residences. Please respect the privacy of the homeowners.

This page is under construction. Comments, feedback, corrections, additions, etcetera, can be directed to ammodramus88 residing at gmail.com.

 

General links:

Pattern End Brick Houses: Leaving a Family Mark on the Landscape

School lesson plan.

New Jersey Division of Archives & Records Management: Early Houses of Burlington County

Digital archive of photographs taken by Nathaniel R. Ewan, who documented the area for the HABS project. Not all houses in this photo collection were surveyed for HABS.

 

ATLANTIC COUNTY

 

Somers Point

Richard Somers the First House c. 1725 (HABS NJ-281, NJRHP, NRHP 70000378)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

Press of Atlantic City: Route 52, Bike Path Projects to Raise Profile of Somers Mansion

Revolutionary War New Jersey: Somers Point Historic Sites

Waymarking.com: Somers Mansion

 

BURLINGTON COUNTY

 

Bordentown

Imlay-Hopkinson House 1750 (HABS NJ-064, NJRHP, NRHP 71000496, NHL)

aka Francis Hopkinson House

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NPS: Signers of the Declaration (Hopkinson House)

Delaware River Heritage Trail: Francis Hopkinson House

Downtown Bordentown Association: Self-Guided Walking Tour

Historical Marker Database

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #43)

Revolutionary War New Jersey: Bordentown Historic Sites

Waymarking.com: Bordentown – Hopkinson House (Francis)

Thomas Buchanan Read House c. 1750s (NJRHP, NRHP 82003264)

NRHP Nomination Form (Bordentown Historic District)

NRHP Nomination Photos (Bordentown Historic District)

Downtown Bordentown Association: Self-Guided Walking Tour

 

Burlington

Pearson-How House c. 1705 (HABS NJ-251, NJRHP, NRHP 78001743)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

Waymarking.com: Pearson-How, Cooper, and Lawrence Houses

 

Burlington Township

John Rogers House 1718 (demolished 1941) (HABS NJ-241)

HABS

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #2)

glazed brick house 1780

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #41)

 

Chesterfield Township

Chesterfield Friends’ Meetinghouse 1773 (HABS NJ-025)

aka Crosswicks Friends’ Meetinghouse

HABS

Revolutionary War New Jersey: Crosswicks Historic Sites

William and Susannah Newbold House 1769 (NJRHP, NRHP 80002472)

aka Taylor/Newbold House, Brookdale

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #25)

Chesterfield Historical Society: The Battle of Brookdale (PDF)

 

Delran Township

Darling and Deliverance Conroe House 1751

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #45)

 

Eastampton Township

farmhouse c. 1750s

 

Evesham Township

Jacob Evans House c. 1715 (HABS NJ-540)

HABS

Thomas and Mary Evens House 1785 (NJRHP, NRHP 93000867)

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJ Historic Trust: Thomas and Mary Evens House

Center for the Arts in Southern New Jersey

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #61)

Waymarking.com: Thomas and Mary Evens House

Thomas Hollinshead House 1776 (NJRHP, NRHP 92000977)

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

Waymarking.com: Thomas Hollinshead House

Hoot Owl Farm 1772

aka Sandy Run

Historical Marker Database

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #93)

West Jersey History Project: A Self-Guided Tour of 63 of Medford’s Historic Sites (site #3)

Daniel Lippincott House c. 1746 (HABS NJ-596)

HABS

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #34)

Richard Matlack House 1740 (HABS NJ-504)

aka General Clinton’s Headquarters

HABS

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #39)

Jacob Wills House 1789 (HABS NJ-597, NJRHP, NRHP 89002296)

aka Joseph and Mary Wills House

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #32)

Waymarking.com: Jacob Wills House

 

Florence Township

farmhouse 1752

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #92)

 

Lumberton Township

Haines-Budd House 1776 (HABS NJ-438)

aka J. Acquila Jones House

HABS

Joseph Moore House 1754

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #14)

brick house 1785

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #64)

 

Mansfield Township

Barzilla and Sarah Newbold House 1740 (NJRHP, NRHP 78001749)

aka Bowne House

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #26)

Thomas Rogers House n.d.

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #102)

Shreve House 1742

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #29)

Thomas Taylor/Applegate House 1765

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #73)

 

Medford Township

Amos Wilkins House 1787

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #54)

Benjamin Wilkins House 1785

Americanfarm.com: “102-Acre Medford Farm Rich in History Is Preserved”

Historical Marker Database

West Jersey History Project: A Self-Guided Tour of 63 of Medford’s Historic Sites (site #10)

 

Mt. Holly Township

The Old School House c. 1760 (HABS NJ-100, NJRHP, NRHP 08001108)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

National Society of the Colonial Dames of America: New Jersey Properties

Revolutionary War New Jersey: Mt. Holly Historic Sites

 

Rancocas

Rancocas Friends’ Meetinghouse 1772

HABS

 

Southampton Township

Bishop-Irick Farmstead 1753 (NJRHP, NRHP 92000975)

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJ Historic Trust: Bishop-Irick Farmstead

Preservation Commission of Historic Southampton: Bishop-Irick Farmstead

Pinelands Preservation Alliance: Pinelands Visitor Center

Henry and Mary Burr House 1785

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #31)

Hollingshead-Peacock House 1786 (HABS NJ-239)

HABS

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #8)

Hudson Burr House 1785 (HABS NJ-238)

HABS

Hezekiah and Mary Jones House 1791

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #7)

Prickett-Wilkins House c. 1730 (no longer extant) (HABS NJ-456)

HABS

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #87)

 

Springfield Township

Copany Friends’ Meetinghouse 1775

Revolutionary War New Jersey: Springfield Historic Sites

Julius Ewan House n.d.

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #68)

Gaskill House 1792

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #67)

Jacob Merritt House 1785 (HABS NJ-631)

HABS

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #104)

Job Ridgway, Jr., House 1753 (HABS NJ-600)

HABS

 

Westampton Township

P. Burr House 1787

aka Deacon Family House

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #108)

George and Sarah Elkington House 1765

aka Joseph Borton House

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #16)

Friends’ Meetinghouse 1772 (HABS NJ-130)

HABS

Aaron Wills House c. 1682 (HABS NJ-541)

HABS

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #19)

 

Willingboro Township

Joseph and Hannah Buzby House 1764

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #28)

Thomas Buzby House 1783 (demolished 1964) (HABS NJ-439)

HABS

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #17)

William and Mary Ridgway House 1789

NJDARM Nathaniel R. Ewan collection (photo #33)

 

CAMDEN COUNTY

Bellmawr

Chalkey Glover House c. 1722 (HABS NJ-380)

HABS

History–Now and Then: The Hugg/Harrison/Glover House (New St. Mary’s Cemetery), Borough of Bellmawr, Camden County, New Jersey

Philly.com: Battling to Save N.J. Revolutionary War Landmark

Isaac Kay House c. 1730 (demolished) (HABS NJ-282)

aka Colonel Joseph Hugg House

HABS

 

Camden

Samuel Cooper House 1790 (HABS NJ-209)

HABS

Camden Churches Organized for People: Ugly-House Contest Aims to Draw Attention to Camden’s Vacant Property Problem

Pomona Hall 1726 (HABS NJ-206, NJRHP, NRHP 71000499)

aka Joseph Cooper, Jr., House

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJ Historic Trust: Pomona Hall

Camden County Historical Society: Pomona Hall

Crossroads of the American Revolution Association: Pomona Hall

Revolutionary War New Jersey: Camden Historic Sites

Waymarking.com: Pomona Hall

 

Cherry Hill Township

Childs-French House c. 1729 (demolished) (HABS NJ-211)

HABS

 

Gloucester Township

James Hillman House 1756 (HABS NJ-285, NJRHP, NRHP 77000858)

aka Gabriel/Gabreil Davies/Daveis Tavern, Hampton Hospital House, Farm Studio

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

Gloucester Township: History

NJ Historic Trust: Gabreil Daveis Tavern

Waymarking.com: Gabriel Davies House

Waymarking.com: Gabreil Daveis Tavern House

YouTube: The Gabreil Daveis Tavern in 1956 (vid by GloTwpHistoricCmte)

Anthony Warrick House 1794 (HABS NJ-345)

HABS

 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY

 

Fairfield Township

Eagle Manor 1736

aka Brick House Farm, Isaiah and Mary Sheppard House

NJ.com: Cohansey RiverFest Tour Showcases Little-Known Historic, Natural Sites of Cumberland County

Joseph Sheppard House 1781 (HABS NJ-554)

aka David Sheppard House

HABS

 

Greenwich Township

Philip Dennis House c. 1730 (demolished) (HABS NJ-583)

HABS

Nicholas Gibbon House 1730 (HABS NJ-129)

aka Leonard Gibbon Homestead

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form (Greenwich Historic District)

NRHP Nomination Photos (Greenwich Historic District)

Crossroads of the American Revolution Association: Greenwich Historic District

Cumberland County History: Gibbon House

Thomas Maskell House c. 1720 (HABS NJ-582, NJRHP, NRHP 75001132)

aka Vauxhall Gardens

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

Cumberland County History: Thomas Maskel House

Hopewell Township

Daniel Bowen House 1775

Cumberland County History: Daniel Bowen House

David Bowen House 1770

Zacheus Loper House 1786 (HABS NJ-514)

aka Uriah Loper House

HABS

John Remington House 1728

Cumberland County History: Remington House

Ananias Sayre House 1770

Cumberland County History: Ananias Sayre House

 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY

 

National Park

James Whitall House 1748 (HABS NJ-079, NJRHP, NRHP 72000796, NHL)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJ Historic Trust: James and Ann Whitall House

Crossroads of the American Revolution Association: Red Bank Battlefield Park

Revolutionary War New Jersey: National Park Historic Sites

James Whitall, Jr., House 1766 (HABS NJ-576, NJRHP, NRHP 73001096)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

 

MERCER COUNTY

 

Ewing

William Green House c. 1717 (NJRHP, NRHP 73001106)

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJ.com: TCNJ, Preservationists at Odds over Future of 1730s Farmhouse

The Friends of the William Green Farmhouse

Preservation New Jersey: 10 Most Endangered List for 2015

 

Hamilton Township

Abbott-DeCou House 1797 (NJRHP, NRHP 76001160)

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

Save Hamilton Open Space: Reconnaissance-Level Historic Sites Survey

Mount-Hendrickson Farmhouse c. 1750

Save Hamilton Open Space: Reconnaissance-Level Historic Sites Survey

Isaac Pearson House 1773 (NJRHP, NRHP 05001568)

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

Historical Marker Database

Revolutionary War New Jersey: Hamilton Historic Sites

Save Hamilton Open Space: Reconnaissance-Level Historic Sites Survey

 

Lawrence Township

Brearly House 1761 (HABS NJ-342, NJRHP, NRHP 79001499)

aka Baker-Brearly House

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJ Historic Trust: Brearley House

Lawrence Historical Society: Brearly House

Lawrence Historical Society: Brearly House Dig

Lawrenceville Patch: Lawrence Township’s Brearly House: 250 Years Young

 

Trenton

Trenton Friends’ Meetinghouse 1739

 

Washington Township

James Hutchinson House 1785 (demolished) (HABS NJ-483)

HABS

Richard S. Hutchinson Photo Gallery of Hutchinson Genealogy

 

West Windsor Township

John Rogers House 1761 (NJRHP, NRHP 78001770)

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJ.com: Concern Surrounds Stagnant State of the John Rogers House, West Windsor’s Oldest Standing Building

NJ.com: Historic John Rogers House in Mercer County Park May Get New Roof, but Full Restoration Likely out of the Question

NJ.com: John Rogers House at Mercer County Park to Be Preserved as ‘Historic Ruin’

Preservation New Jersey: 10 Most Endangered List for 1996

 

SALEM COUNTY

 

Alloway Township

John Dickinson House 1754 (HABS NJ-243, NJRHP, NRHP 75001156)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJ.com: One Man’s Search for the Perfect Historic Home

John Jarman House 1755

William Oakford House 1736 (HABS NJ-127)

HABS

Thomas Sinnickson House c. 1760 (HABS NJ-638)

HABS

 

Elsinboro Township

Joseph Darkin House 1720

Morris-Goodwin House c. 1745 (HABS NJ-690)

HABS

John Mason House 1695

Preservation New Jersey: 10 Most Endangered List for 1997

Abel and Mary Nicholson House 1722 (HABS NJ-305, NJRHP, NRHP 96001548, NHL)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJ Historic Trust: Abel and Mary Nicholson House

Preservation New Jersey: Revisiting the Abel Nicholson Study House

Samuel Nicholson House 1752 (HABS NJ-259, NJRHP, NRHP 75001158)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

Richard Smith House 1729 (HABS NJ-348)

HABS

 

Lower Alloways Creek Township

Nathaniel Chambless House 1730

John Maddox Denn House 1725 (HABS NJ-260)

HABS

Judge William Hancock House 1734 (HABS NJ-054, NJRHP, NRHP 70000393)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

NJDEP

Crossroads of the American Revolution Association: Hancock House State Historic Site

Historical Marker Database

Revolutionary War New Jersey: Hancock’s Bridge Historic Sites

John Oakford House 1764 (HABS NJ-349)

HABS

Stretch-Padgett House c. 1735 (HABS NJ-234)

aka Ephraim Padgett House

HABS

William Tyler House c. 1700 (HABS NJ-128)

HABS

Ware-Shourds House 1730/1758

 

Mannington Township

Richard Brick House 1750 (HABS NJ-615, NJRHP, NRHP 76001183)

aka Bond-Dolbow House

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

John Pledger, Jr., House 1727 (HABS NJ-385)

HABS

 

Pennsville Township

Cornelius Copner House 1740

Pennsville Township Historical Society: Historic Homes of Pennsville

Mathias Lambson Tavern 1741 (HABS NJ-384)

HABS

Pennsville Township Historical Society: Historic Homes of Pennsville

William Mecum House c. 1710 (HABS NJ-233)

HABS

Pennsville Township Historical Society: Historic Homes of Pennsville

 

Pilesgrove Township

Samuel Bassett House 1757 (HABS NJ-355)

HABS

Joseph Champneys House 1746

Zaccheus Dunn House 1743 (HABS NJ-346, NJRHP, NRHP 77000905)

aka John Pissant House

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

Hill-Austin House 1746

Seven Stars Tavern 1762 (HABS NJ-126, NJRHP, NRHP 76001184)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

 

Quinton Township

William Chandler House 1735

aka Kent-Keasbey House

Daniel Smith House 1752

 

Salem

Alexander Grant House 1721 (HABS NJ-078)

HABS

Crossroads of the American Revolution Association: Alexander Grant House

William Hall House 1691 (demolished 1965) (HABS NJ-379)

aka Bradway House

HABS

Salem Friends’ Meetinghouse 1772 (HABS NJ-077)

HABS

John Worledge House 1727 (HABS NJ-383)

HABS

 

Upper Pittsgrove Township

Providence Farm 1783

Mayhew-Isaac Johnson-Lippincott House 1762/1792

Jacob Richman House 1746

Michael Richman House 1764 (HABS NJ-350)

HABS

Samuel Swing House 1775

 

Woodstown

Woodstown Friends’ Meetinghouse 1785

SOMERSET COUNTY

 

Finderne

 

Derrick Van Veghten House c. 1725 (HABS NJ-XXX, NJRHP, NRHP 79003253)

HABS

NRHP Nomination Form

NRHP Nomination Photos

 

Further reading:

Bassett, William B. 1977. Historic American Buildings Survey of New Jersey: Catalog of the Measured Drawings, Photographs and Written Documents in the Survey. New Jersey Historical Society.

Chiarappa, Michael. 1992. “The First and Best Sort”: Quakerism, Brick Artisanry, and the Vernacular Aesthetics of Eighteenth-Century West New Jersey Pattern Brickwork Architecture. University of Pennsylvania. dissertation. (abstract)

Craig, Robert W. 2004. Patterned Brickwork. In, Lurie, Maxine N., & Marc Mappen, eds. Encyclopedia of New Jersey. Rutgers University Press.

de Lagerberg, Lars. 1956. New Jersey Architecture: Colonial and Federal. n.p.

Gowans, Alan. 1986. The Mansions of Alloways Creek. In, Upton, Dell, & John Michael Vlach, eds. Common Places: Readings in American Vernacular Architecture. University of Georgia Press.

Herman, Bernard L. 2003. Eighteenth-Century Quaker Houses in the Delaware Valley. In, Lapsansky, Emma Jones, & Anne A. Verplanck, eds. Quaker Aesthetics: Reflections on a Quaker Ethic in American Design and Consumption. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Johnson, George Walter. 1977. 27 in 76: Patterned-Brick Houses of Salem County. Associated Printers.

Lanier, Gabrielle M. 2005. The Delaware Valley in the Early Republic: Architecture, Landscape and Regional Identity. Johns Hopkins University Press.

Lanier, Gabrielle M., & Bernard L. Herman. 1997. Everyday Architecture of the Mid-Atlantic: Looking at Buildings and Landscapes. Johns Hopkins University Press.

Love, Paul. 1950. Patterned Brickwork in the American Colonies. Columbia University. dissertation.

Love, Paul. 1955. Patterned Brickwork in Southern New Jersey. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society 73:182-208.

McMahon, William. 1973. South Jersey Towns: History and Legend. Rutgers University Press.

Pisarski, Matthew Edward. 1999. One-Room Deep Domestic Architecture of Cumberland and Salem Counties, New Jersey. University of Pennsylvania. thesis. (Internet Archive)

Riesenweber, Julie. 1984. Order in Domestic Space: House Plans and Room Use in the Vernacular Dwellings of Salem County, New Jersey, 1700-1774. University of Delaware. thesis.

Schwartz, Helen, & Margaret Morgan Fisher. 1983. The New Jersey House. Rutgers University Press.

Sheridan, Janet L. 2007. “Their Houses Are Some Built of Timber”: The Colonial Timber Frame Houses of Fenwick’s Colony, New Jersey. University of Delaware. thesis.

Sickler, Joseph S. 1949. The Old Houses of Salem County. Second ed. Sunbeam Publishing Co.

Tvaryanas, Damon. 1993. The New Jersey Quaker Meeting House: A Typology and Inventory. University of Pensylvania. thesis. (Internet Archive)