The patterned brick house is a regional architectural specialty of the mid-Atlantic region that dates back to the colonial period. An article from the National Park Service here gives a good overview of the style. These houses were sturdy, as befitted the homes of settlers in a “new” and remote place. The intricate brickwork and details, however, show that these structures were not purely utilitarian, but were also intended to show off the affluence of their owners (and probably the craft of their builders).
This page aims to list the known patterned brick houses of New Jersey. I don’t claim to be an expert on them, but I am a fan. The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) documented many of these houses, some of which have been demolished or fallen apart entirely since the time they were documented. There are others that were not documented by HABS. The ones that have survived sometimes have later additions that may or may not be in the style of the original building; by the same token, sometimes the patterned brick part of the house is a later addition to an earlier structure.
Files from HABS are held by the Library of Congress and can be accessed here. There is also a book published by the New Jersey Historical Society in 1977 called Historic American Buildings Survey of New Jersey: Catalog of the Measured Drawings, Photographs and Written Documents in the Survey. For the purposes of this page, I am starting with the HABS book and then adding additional links as I find them. House names are drawn from the HABS book for properties that are included. Both names and locations are sometimes listed differently in the online files from the Library of Congress than they are in the HABS book. Although the classic patterned brick house has a great deal of ornamentation (including geometric patterns, owners’ initials, and dates), this list also includes pre-1800 buildings that have glazed headers on one or more walls but no other patterning
Obligatory disclaimers: this page is oriented towards information that is accessible on the internet. There is sure to be more information related to these houses that is not available online. Also, many of the remaining patterned brick houses in New Jersey are private residences. Please respect the privacy of the homeowners.
This page is under construction. Comments, feedback, corrections, additions, etcetera, can be directed to ammodramus88 residing at gmail.com.
School lesson plan.
Digital archive of photographs taken by Nathaniel R. Ewan, who documented the area for the HABS project. Not all houses in this photo collection were surveyed for HABS.
Richard Somers the First House c. 1725 (HABS NJ-281, NJRHP, NRHP 70000378)
Imlay-Hopkinson House 1750 (HABS NJ-064, NJRHP, NRHP 71000496, NHL)
aka Francis Hopkinson House
Thomas Buchanan Read House c. 1750s (NJRHP, NRHP 82003264)
Pearson-How House c. 1705 (HABS NJ-251, NJRHP, NRHP 78001743)
John Rogers House 1718 (demolished 1941) (HABS NJ-241)
glazed brick house 1780
Chesterfield Friends’ Meetinghouse 1773 (HABS NJ-025)
aka Crosswicks Friends’ Meetinghouse
William and Susannah Newbold House 1769 (NJRHP, NRHP 80002472)
aka Taylor/Newbold House, Brookdale
Darling and Deliverance Conroe House 1751
farmhouse c. 1750s
Jacob Evans House c. 1715 (HABS NJ-540)
Thomas and Mary Evens House 1785 (NJRHP, NRHP 93000867)
Thomas Hollinshead House 1776 (NJRHP, NRHP 92000977)
Hoot Owl Farm 1772
aka Sandy Run
Daniel Lippincott House c. 1746 (HABS NJ-596)
Richard Matlack House 1740 (HABS NJ-504)
aka General Clinton’s Headquarters
Jacob Wills House 1789 (HABS NJ-597, NJRHP, NRHP 89002296)
aka Joseph and Mary Wills House
Haines-Budd House 1776 (HABS NJ-438)
aka J. Acquila Jones House
Joseph Moore House 1754
brick house 1785
Barzilla and Sarah Newbold House 1740 (NJRHP, NRHP 78001749)
aka Bowne House
Thomas Rogers House n.d.
Shreve House 1742
Thomas Taylor/Applegate House 1765
Amos Wilkins House 1787
Benjamin Wilkins House 1785
Mt. Holly Township
The Old School House c. 1760 (HABS NJ-100, NJRHP, NRHP 08001108)
Rancocas Friends’ Meetinghouse 1772
Bishop-Irick Farmstead 1753 (NJRHP, NRHP 92000975)
Henry and Mary Burr House 1785
Hollingshead-Peacock House 1786 (HABS NJ-239)
Hudson Burr House 1785 (HABS NJ-238)
Hezekiah and Mary Jones House 1791
Prickett-Wilkins House c. 1730 (no longer extant) (HABS NJ-456)
Copany Friends’ Meetinghouse 1775
Julius Ewan House n.d.
Gaskill House 1792
Jacob Merritt House 1785 (HABS NJ-631)
Job Ridgway, Jr., House 1753 (HABS NJ-600)
P. Burr House 1787
aka Deacon Family House
George and Sarah Elkington House 1765
aka Joseph Borton House
Friends’ Meetinghouse 1772 (HABS NJ-130)
Aaron Wills House c. 1682 (HABS NJ-541)
Joseph and Hannah Buzby House 1764
Thomas Buzby House 1783 (demolished 1964) (HABS NJ-439)
William and Mary Ridgway House 1789
Chalkey Glover House c. 1722 (HABS NJ-380)
Isaac Kay House c. 1730 (demolished) (HABS NJ-282)
aka Colonel Joseph Hugg House
Samuel Cooper House 1790 (HABS NJ-209)
Pomona Hall 1726 (HABS NJ-206, NJRHP, NRHP 71000499)
aka Joseph Cooper, Jr., House
Cherry Hill Township
Childs-French House c. 1729 (demolished) (HABS NJ-211)
James Hillman House 1756 (HABS NJ-285, NJRHP, NRHP 77000858)
aka Gabriel/Gabreil Davies/Daveis Tavern, Hampton Hospital House, Farm Studio
Anthony Warrick House 1794 (HABS NJ-345)
Eagle Manor 1736
aka Brick House Farm, Isaiah and Mary Sheppard House
Joseph Sheppard House 1781 (HABS NJ-554)
aka David Sheppard House
Philip Dennis House c. 1730 (demolished) (HABS NJ-583)
Nicholas Gibbon House 1730 (HABS NJ-129)
aka Leonard Gibbon Homestead
Thomas Maskell House c. 1720 (HABS NJ-582, NJRHP, NRHP 75001132)
aka Vauxhall Gardens
Daniel Bowen House 1775
David Bowen House 1770
Zacheus Loper House 1786 (HABS NJ-514)
aka Uriah Loper House
John Remington House 1728
Ananias Sayre House 1770
James Whitall House 1748 (HABS NJ-079, NJRHP, NRHP 72000796, NHL)
James Whitall, Jr., House 1766 (HABS NJ-576, NJRHP, NRHP 73001096)
William Green House c. 1717 (NJRHP, NRHP 73001106)
Abbott-DeCou House 1797 (NJRHP, NRHP 76001160)
Mount-Hendrickson Farmhouse c. 1750
Isaac Pearson House 1773 (NJRHP, NRHP 05001568)
Brearly House 1761 (HABS NJ-342, NJRHP, NRHP 79001499)
aka Baker-Brearly House
Trenton Friends’ Meetinghouse 1739
James Hutchinson House 1785 (demolished) (HABS NJ-483)
West Windsor Township
John Rogers House 1761 (NJRHP, NRHP 78001770)
John Dickinson House 1754 (HABS NJ-243, NJRHP, NRHP 75001156)
John Jarman House 1755
William Oakford House 1736 (HABS NJ-127)
Thomas Sinnickson House c. 1760 (HABS NJ-638)
Joseph Darkin House 1720
Morris-Goodwin House c. 1745 (HABS NJ-690)
John Mason House 1695
Abel and Mary Nicholson House 1722 (HABS NJ-305, NJRHP, NRHP 96001548, NHL)
Samuel Nicholson House 1752 (HABS NJ-259, NJRHP, NRHP 75001158)
Richard Smith House 1729 (HABS NJ-348)
Lower Alloways Creek Township
Nathaniel Chambless House 1730
John Maddox Denn House 1725 (HABS NJ-260)
Judge William Hancock House 1734 (HABS NJ-054, NJRHP, NRHP 70000393)
John Oakford House 1764 (HABS NJ-349)
Stretch-Padgett House c. 1735 (HABS NJ-234)
aka Ephraim Padgett House
William Tyler House c. 1700 (HABS NJ-128)
Ware-Shourds House 1730/1758
Richard Brick House 1750 (HABS NJ-615, NJRHP, NRHP 76001183)
aka Bond-Dolbow House
John Pledger, Jr., House 1727 (HABS NJ-385)
Cornelius Copner House 1740
Mathias Lambson Tavern 1741 (HABS NJ-384)
William Mecum House c. 1710 (HABS NJ-233)
Samuel Bassett House 1757 (HABS NJ-355)
Joseph Champneys House 1746
Zaccheus Dunn House 1743 (HABS NJ-346, NJRHP, NRHP 77000905)
aka John Pissant House
Hill-Austin House 1746
Seven Stars Tavern 1762 (HABS NJ-126, NJRHP, NRHP 76001184)
William Chandler House 1735
aka Kent-Keasbey House
Daniel Smith House 1752
Alexander Grant House 1721 (HABS NJ-078)
William Hall House 1691 (demolished 1965) (HABS NJ-379)
aka Bradway House
Salem Friends’ Meetinghouse 1772 (HABS NJ-077)
John Worledge House 1727 (HABS NJ-383)
Upper Pittsgrove Township
Providence Farm 1783
Mayhew-Isaac Johnson-Lippincott House 1762/1792
Jacob Richman House 1746
Michael Richman House 1764 (HABS NJ-350)
Samuel Swing House 1775
Woodstown Friends’ Meetinghouse 1785
Derrick Van Veghten House c. 1725 (HABS NJ-XXX, NJRHP, NRHP 79003253)
Bassett, William B. 1977. Historic American Buildings Survey of New Jersey: Catalog of the Measured Drawings, Photographs and Written Documents in the Survey. New Jersey Historical Society.
Chiarappa, Michael. 1992. “The First and Best Sort”: Quakerism, Brick Artisanry, and the Vernacular Aesthetics of Eighteenth-Century West New Jersey Pattern Brickwork Architecture. University of Pennsylvania. dissertation. (abstract)
Craig, Robert W. 2004. Patterned Brickwork. In, Lurie, Maxine N., & Marc Mappen, eds. Encyclopedia of New Jersey. Rutgers University Press.
de Lagerberg, Lars. 1956. New Jersey Architecture: Colonial and Federal. n.p.
Gowans, Alan. 1986. The Mansions of Alloways Creek. In, Upton, Dell, & John Michael Vlach, eds. Common Places: Readings in American Vernacular Architecture. University of Georgia Press.
Herman, Bernard L. 2003. Eighteenth-Century Quaker Houses in the Delaware Valley. In, Lapsansky, Emma Jones, & Anne A. Verplanck, eds. Quaker Aesthetics: Reflections on a Quaker Ethic in American Design and Consumption. University of Pennsylvania Press.
Johnson, George Walter. 1977. 27 in 76: Patterned-Brick Houses of Salem County. Associated Printers.
Lanier, Gabrielle M. 2005. The Delaware Valley in the Early Republic: Architecture, Landscape and Regional Identity. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lanier, Gabrielle M., & Bernard L. Herman. 1997. Everyday Architecture of the Mid-Atlantic: Looking at Buildings and Landscapes. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Love, Paul. 1950. Patterned Brickwork in the American Colonies. Columbia University. dissertation.
Love, Paul. 1955. Patterned Brickwork in Southern New Jersey. Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society 73:182-208.
McMahon, William. 1973. South Jersey Towns: History and Legend. Rutgers University Press.
Pisarski, Matthew Edward. 1999. One-Room Deep Domestic Architecture of Cumberland and Salem Counties, New Jersey. University of Pennsylvania. thesis. (Internet Archive)
Riesenweber, Julie. 1984. Order in Domestic Space: House Plans and Room Use in the Vernacular Dwellings of Salem County, New Jersey, 1700-1774. University of Delaware. thesis.
Schwartz, Helen, & Margaret Morgan Fisher. 1983. The New Jersey House. Rutgers University Press.
Sheridan, Janet L. 2007. “Their Houses Are Some Built of Timber”: The Colonial Timber Frame Houses of Fenwick’s Colony, New Jersey. University of Delaware. thesis.
Sickler, Joseph S. 1949. The Old Houses of Salem County. Second ed. Sunbeam Publishing Co.
Tvaryanas, Damon. 1993. The New Jersey Quaker Meeting House: A Typology and Inventory. University of Pensylvania. thesis. (Internet Archive)